Could a New FCC Challenge Stop SpaceX's Starlink Launches?

Samson Amore

Samson Amore is a reporter for dot.LA. He holds a degree in journalism from Emerson College and previously covered technology and entertainment for TheWrap and reported on the SoCal startup scene for the Los Angeles Business Journal. Send tips or pitches to samsonamore@dot.la and find him on Twitter @Samsonamore.

Could a New FCC Challenge Stop SpaceX's Starlink Launches?
AleksandrMorrisovich / Shutterstock

A small California satellite launch company is trying to halt SpaceX's ambitious Starlink internet project, arguing that the rocket company is launching the satellites without a clear understanding of their environmental impacts and without a plan to prevent more trash from cluttering Earth's orbit.


Earlier this week Viasat, a direct competitor with SpaceX, asked the Federal Communications Commission to pause a license modification that the FCC approved April 27. The license lets the Hawthorne-based company add more satellites to its 1,600-strong broadband constellation.

The Union of Concerned Scientists' satellite database project estimates more than 3,000 operational satellites are already in orbit. Space junk is a big concern and NASA estimates that there are 6,000 tons of space debris floating around in low earth orbit.

If the FCC does not respond by June 1, Viasat has threatened to take the issue to federal court in the District of Columbia.

The Carlsbad-based company, which made a similar request that was ignored under the Trump administration, is hoping for an empathetic response from the Biden administration.

"The Commission has violated the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) by failing even to assess the environmental impact of both deploying thousands of satellites into low-Earth orbit (LEO) and then having those satellites ultimately disintegrate into the atmosphere," Viasat said in the filing.

Viasat's Chief Officer of Global Government and Regulatory Affairs John Janka said in a statement that the new presidential administration's renewed focus on climate initiatives was part of what prompted the company to file its challenge to SpaceX.

Viasat is concerned because more satellites inevitably leads to more junk. Other scientists noted in a recent study that satellites are "rapidly increasing" the artificial brightening of the night sky, making it harder for astronomers to do their jobs.

Right now scientists are trying to find ways to remove the debris from low Earth orbit but there isn't a safe way to clean up our intergalactic mess.

As of January 2021, SpaceX had already launched more than 700 new satellites into orbit. The company received an $890 million grant from the FCC in December to put even more satellites in orbit as part of the Rural Digital Opportunity Fund that aims to bring internet to underserved areas of the U.S..

If Viasat is successful in their efforts it could halt one of SpaceX's biggest programs: the Starlink internet service. Starlink is an ambitious project that SpaceX CEO Elon Musk hopes can one day provide internet to the entire globe, regardless of how remote a user is. Musk also believes Starlink can challenge some of the U.S.'s biggest telecom providers, including AT&T and Spectrum.

John Barentine, director of conservation at the International Dark-Sky Association, told dot.LA there is still more work to do in understanding the dangers of SpaceX's work.

"We do not yet fully appreciate the variety and significance of hazards associated with the deployment of thousands of new satellites into Low-Earth Orbit (LEO), which is quickly becoming a crowded place," Barentine said.

"The chances of catastrophic collisions among objects in these orbits are rising rapidly, and we risk a 'cascade' effect wherein collisions generate debris that can in turn cause more collisions and more debris," Barentine added. "What we know about the mechanisms and probabilities involved is certainly cause for concern, and the hazards are very real, given various space operators' publicly announced launch plans this decade."

Barantine referenced a recent Nature Scientific Reports paper that examines the effects mega-satellite constellations have on the Earth and said it basically "argues Starlink may be literally changing the chemical composition of the Earth's atmosphere."

The FCC's April license approval allowed SpaceX to move its satellite constellation 550km higher into orbit, and expand the size of the overall project to 4,408 satellites. That change SpaceX said was needed to trim down latency, lag and improve other uses of the network like video calls or gaming.

Starlink internet isn't yet widely available but SpaceX has launched over 12,000 interconnected satellites. The program is in its beta testing phase. Los Angeles users can submit pre-orders but don't have a usable version of the service yet. SpaceX told dot.LA in March that it's planning to "continue expansion to near global coverage of the populated world" in 2021.

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LA Tech ‘Moves’: Saviynt Gains New CEO, The FIFTH Taps Agency Veteran to Lead Creative Team

Decerry Donato

Decerry Donato is a reporter at dot.LA. Prior to that, she was an editorial fellow at the company. Decerry received her bachelor's degree in literary journalism from the University of California, Irvine. She continues to write stories to inform the community about issues or events that take place in the L.A. area. On the weekends, she can be found hiking in the Angeles National forest or sifting through racks at your local thrift store.

LA Tech ‘Moves’: Saviynt Gains New CEO, The FIFTH Taps Agency Veteran to Lead Creative Team
LA Tech ‘Moves’:

“Moves,” our roundup of job changes in L.A. tech, is presented by Interchange.LA, dot.LA's recruiting and career platform connecting Southern California's most exciting companies with top tech talent. Create a free Interchange.LA profile here—and if you're looking for ways to supercharge your recruiting efforts, find out more about Interchange.LA's white-glove recruiting service by emailing Sharmineh O’Farrill Lewis (sharmineh@dot.la). Please send job changes and personnel moves to moves@dot.la.

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Samson Amore

Samson Amore is a reporter for dot.LA. He holds a degree in journalism from Emerson College and previously covered technology and entertainment for TheWrap and reported on the SoCal startup scene for the Los Angeles Business Journal. Send tips or pitches to samsonamore@dot.la and find him on Twitter @Samsonamore.

Los Angeles’ Wage Growth Outpaced Inflation. Here’s What That Means for Tech Jobs

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https://twitter.com/samsonamore
samsonamore@dot.la

Energy Shares Wants to Offer You a Chance to Invest in Green Energy Startups

David Shultz

David Shultz reports on clean technology and electric vehicles, among other industries, for dot.LA. His writing has appeared in The Atlantic, Outside, Nautilus and many other publications.

Energy Shares Wants to Offer You a Chance to Invest in Green Energy Startups
Photo by Red Zeppelin on Unsplash

The Inflation Reduction Act contains almost $400 billion in funding for clean energy initiatives. There’s $250 billion for energy projects. $23 billion for transportation and EVs. $46 billion for environment. $21 billion for agriculture, and so on. With so much cash flowing into the sector, the possibilities for investment and growth are gigantic.

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